Oman water & wastewater
Oman water and wastewater will serve as a platform for fast growing water and wastewater industry in Oman. The objective of this exposition is to act as a comprehensive resource for the industry, its members, prospective business visitors and customers by providing in-depth information about the industry and the latest trends influencing its progress All participants can benefit from great exposure to enhance their revenue channels and increase profits
Oman’s water sector is experiencing strong demand, which is anticipated to continue to rise at the rate of 7 percent through 2021.
OVERVIEW OF OMAN’S ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION
Oman is a free market economy that, since gaining its independence 47 years ago, has continued a positive growth trajectory due to its economic diversification and the government’s careful planning, calculated spending, and investments in the non-oil sector.
According to a recent report by Oxford Business Group (OBG), “Despite the economic challenges in 2009 due to the global financial crisis, the Sultanate remains one of the most economically and politically stable countries in the Middle East.”
In 2017, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimated Oman’s GDP would rise to 2.68% and to 3.8% in 2018. This upward momentum is expected to come from a modest recovery in oil prices, combined with the effects of ongoing reform efforts and strategies aimed at enhancing non-oil activities. For example, Oman's diversification initiative, Tanfeedh, is a component of its Ninth Five-Year Development Plan (2016-2020), and focuses predominantly on boosting the contribution to GDP of manufacturing, tourism, transport and logistics, mining, and fisheries, while creating employment and raising Omanization rates.
Oman's Minister of Commerce and Industry, HE Dr. Ali bin Masoud al Sunaidy: “For the next five-year plan, we aim to maintain a 2.5-3.5% GDP growth rate across the various sectors.”
OMAN’S WATER AND WASTERWATER INDUSTRY
Development in several industries and rapid population growth have impacted Oman’s water resources with around 9.5% annual growth in consumption along with a substantial demand for water conservation technology and desalination projects.
In 2016, the Public Authority for Electricity and Water (PAEW) supplied 329, 786, 568 m3 of portable water to the Sultanate, with 85% from desalination plants and 15% from wells.
With 57% of households being supplied water through public piped networks and another 20% from water tankers, PAEW has announced plans to invest an estimated US$ 2.9 billion in water infrastructure. In addition, Haya Water, who is responsible for connecting Muscat municipality’s six districts, with a collective population of about 1.15 million, to state-of-the-art water treatment facilities by 2020 (2100 km of pipelines) will spend an estimated $4.3 billion on networks and treatment plants.
Haya Water’s Master Plan 2013 projected 80% connectivity of properties in Muscat by 2020. Currently the connectivity stands at 35%.
With the aim to substantially raise the country's water desalination capacity within the next six years, the state-owned Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP), has taken major steps to increase the desalination capacity of independent water projects (IWPs) by 123.6 million imperial gallons of water per day (MIGD) in the next six years. The increase will take the capacity to almost 310 million gallons, a 66% increase from the current 186 million gallons per day.
Other measures for increasing water capacity includes PAEW’s exemplary emergency water storage reservoir project, which picked up a prestigious GCC-wide award as part of the MEED Quality Awards for Projects in 2016. This emergency storage project consists of six water reservoirs located at four key areas around the capital, with the aim of providing a back-up supply of water for at least seven days following any major water shortage or a disruption in the Muscat water scheme. These reservoirs are forecasted to be able to cover sudden changes in demand until the year 2035.
PAEW has announced that the water network will have to be tripled by 2035 in order to supply piped water to at least 90% of the population.
National Water Sector Master Plan
Oman’s National Water Sector Master Plan, includes a blueprint, spanning 25 yearrs, for expanding and reinforcing the country’s water transmission and distribution infrastructure. Its projected capital expenditure till 2040 is estimated at US$ 6.5 billion, with new water infrastructure expected to cost US$ 389.6 million annually over the 10-to-15-year master plan. The investment will partly go to the deveopment of new networks to serve green-field areas being added to the water grid, while the rest will be utilized to finance the cost of renewing old transmission and distribution infrastructure.
Wastewater Master Plan
Oman will also invest US$ 2.8 billion for new wastewater projects across the country. During its 9th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020), Haya water, a government-owned entity, is mandated to manage, operate and maintain all wastewater networks, desalination facilities, pumping stations and sewage treatment plants in Oman, as well as the development of a national master plan for the management of the country’s wastewater and operate Muscat’s (the city’s capital) iggest sewage network. This involves an investment of US$ 6.25 billion at a reate of about US$258.9 million per year, and aims to connect 80 per cent of Muscat residents by 2020, up from the current 30 per cent.
VISION 2020 – DEVELOPMENT AND CONSERVATION OF WATER RESOURCES
Oman’s Vision 2020 is an approach that guides the Sultanate towards a sustainable and diversified economy. With the rapid expansion of Oman’s population, there is a greater demand for services and infrastructural growth.
In order to meet with the growing need for resources, the government will be investing US$ 2.8 billion into new wastewater projects across the country. In addition, Oman’s National Water Sector Master Plan, which spans 25 years, will work on expanding and reinforcing the country’s water transmission and distribution infrastructure. Its projected capital expenditure till 2040 is estimated at US$ 6.5 billion, with new water infrastructure expected to cost US$ 389.6 million annually over the 10-15 year master plan.
A large part of conservation initiatives is to raise awareness among local communities about the goals of the program and how they can contribute to it. In order to realize its ambitious vision, a national campaign called iCommit was introduced in 2016 with aim to educate the Omani community segments about the optimal methods for using water and stating the importance of rationalizing consumption. A number of outreach activities such as school visits, competitions and social media accompanied the initiative, resulting in 19 advertisements circulated through newspapers, radio and TV and garnering a following of more than 3 million users online.
According to Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP), water demand is expected to surge from 281 million cubic meters in 2015 to between 390 and 440 million cubic meters in 2022. In the Dhofar region, water demand is expected to eclipse 8% growth per annum, with peak demand increasing from 139,000 cubic meters per day in 2015 to 229,000 cubic meters per day in 2022. In order to keep up with this increase, the OPWP has initiated a new Independent Water Project (IWP) with a daily capacity of nearly 100,000 cubic meters that is set to come online in 2018, with plans underway for an additional plant which would commence operations in 2021.
Oman’s water sector is experiencing strong demand, which is anticipated to continue to rise at the rate of 7% through 2021.
CURRENT AND UPCOMING PROJECTS
Wadi Dayqah Water Treatment Project
The building of a major transmission line that will supply treated water from the Dayqah Dam in Quriyat Wilayat to Deem Reservoir in Al Amerat Wilayat
USD 1 billion
Al Ghubra Seawater Desalination Project
Planned to be supplied desalinated water to be used in households to about 800,000 people. It has a contracted desalination capacity of 191,000 cubic meters per day using reverse osmosis technology
USD 378 million
Quriyat Desalination Project
Design, construction, operation and maintenance of a high-efficiency desalination facility with 200,000 cubic meters per day (44 MIGD) of potable water output
USD 250 million
Barka Desalination Extension Project
The second phase of the expansion project using reverse osmosis technology, with a capacity of 57,000 m3 (12.5 MIGD) seawater per day
To be announced soon
Al Dakhiliyah Water Network Project
Construction of new water distribution networks for the governorate of Dakhiliyah
USD 87.9 million
Al Ghubra Pipeline Project
The building of main water lines from the pumping station in the desalination plant in Al Ghubra
USD 78 million
The building of new desalination plants and water networks in Muscat and wilayats
USD 33.8 million
Ibri Solar Power Project
The first utility -scale solar independent project (IPP) in Ibri with a capacity to generate 500 megawatts of electricity. It is seen as one of the largest solar projects in the entire Gulf Cooperation Council region.
USD 500 million
Oman unveils 500 megawatt solar project
Times of Oman, 27 December 2017
Muscat: Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP), the Sultanate’s state-owned utility firm, on Wednesday unveiled plans to build the country’s first utility-scale solar independent power project (IPP) in Ibri with a capacity to generate 500 megawatt of electricity. This is part of a larger initiative to enhance the contribution of renewable energy in the total energy mix to 10 per cent by 2025.
Addressing the media to announce the mega renewable energy venture, Eng. Yaqoob Saif Hamood Al Kiyumi, chief executive officer of OPWP, said that the solar project would meet the electricity demand of 33,000 homes and offset 340,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions a year. This is one of the largest solar projects in the entire Gulf Cooperation Council region.
The estimated project cost is approximately $500 million, which will be built, owned and operated by the private sector, and the scope of the project includes financing, procurement, engineering, construction, operation and maintenance of a new power plant, which will be located at Ibri — some 300km west from Muscat.
The project will be awarded in the second half of the fourth quarter of 2018, and it will be commercially operational by early 2021.
A request for qualification to pre-qualify bidders will be floated tomorrow, and the plan is to award the project before the end of next year. “By the end of first quarter of 2018, we will be able to finalise the list of pre-qualified companies and issue tender documents,” added Al Kiyumi.
Like other conventional IPPs, the solar project will also be done according to the build, own and operate (BOO) model.
Although the $500 million investment for the solar project will be made by the winning company or consortium, power transmission and distribution firms such as Oman Electricity Transmission Company (OETC) will have to invest to build transmission lines to evacuate power from the plant.
Strategy of OPWP
Renewable energy has an important place in the strategy of OPWP. “It is only a beginning. There will be a project almost every year (in the future). The Financial Affairs and Energy Resources Council has approved a plan to enhance the contribution of renewable energy in the total energy mix to 10 per cent by 2025. Our aim is to achieve that target,” stressed Al Kiyumi.
A feasibility study on building renewable energy projects in Oman found that it is viable to set up such projects.
Mohammed Al Mahrouqi, chairman of Public Authority for Electricity and Water (Diam), emphasised that the government was moving forward to diversify its energy resources to drive sustainability at the economic and environmental fronts.
The development of the first large utility-scale solar PV IPP will follow the successful IPP structure established in Oman, using a transparent competition process to award the contract to a highly qualified private sector project company, delivering a world-class technology solution.
Hamdan Ali Al Hinai, chairman of OPWP, stated that “this project will be the first in the chain of renewable projects that the company is planning to develop in the coming few years to support the sustainability approach of the country.”
The demand for electricity in the country is expected to grow at the rate of 6 per cent this year. The electricity generation capacity has grown to 6,116 megawatt in 2017, from 2,314 megawatt in 2004, indicating an annual growth rate of 8.3 per cent.
Diam has completed a wind ‘atlas’ for the Sultanate, and OPWP will use that to carry out a detailed Wind Resources Assessment (WRA). This will be carried out at the shortlisted sites. It will pave the way to develop full wind projects in those locations.
Also, OPWP in coordination with the Authority for Electricity Regulation and the Environmental Service Holding Company (Beah), intends to commence preparatory work to assess the possibility of procuring waste-to-energy projects.
It is intended to build on the considerable work undertaken by Beah with regards to waste to energy and establish a framework, including the project definition and competition process, to facilitate the implementation of such a project in the future.
Haya Water plans to invest OMR 1b in next four years
Times of Oman, 13 December 2017
Muscat: Haya Water, the Sultanate’s state-owned company that operates wastewater network and sewage treatment plants, plans to invest OMR1 billion over the next four years until 2022.
The investment is mainly for developing sewage network and for building sewage treatment plants in different parts of the country, said the company’s chief executive officer Eng. Hussain Hassan Ali AbdulHussain.
The company is also looking at public-private-partnership for developing future wastewater projects in the country.
“We have a strategy for public-private-partnership (PPP), which was presented to the board of directors of Haya Water and the Ministry of Finance for approval. Some of the projects can attract foreign investment,” added Eng. AbdulHussain, while addressing the company’s annual media conference here organised under the patronage of Dr. Khalid bin Salem Al Saidi, Secretary General of the Council of State.
The Haya Water chief also said that several projects, including some of the sewage treatment plants, have been identified to develop with private investment.
“We will start with Misfah. We are waiting for offers (from private sector) in the coming days,” he added.
The number of projects under implementation in Muscat Governorate alone is 18 projects with total cost of OMR500 million. Many of these projects are in Willaiyat Bausher with 3 main projects and total value of OMR64 million. One of these projects is the expansion of Al Ansab STP (second phase), which aims to increase the capacity of the current STP to 125,000 cubic metres per day by the end of 2017. In addition, there is also the north and south of Al Khuwair area project (B3b) which aims to build a wastewater network of 34km long, treated wastewater network of 11 km long and 40 km of fiber optic network. This project serves about 2,650 housing units and governmental and commercial establishments. The project will be completed in the first quarter of 2018.
In Muscat governorate, Haya Water has connected 102,000 buildings to the network so far, constituting 37 per cent of properties. A major project (B7) to connect Al Ansab, Ghala and Bausher will be finalised next year, while in Al Khuwair 1,800 housing units and commercial buildings will be connected to the next work. “Design work for Al Khuwair project is going on.”
The design of another STP in Al Bustan area is finalised, while the capacity of an STP plant in Liwa will be raised to 14,000 cubic meters from 4,000 cubic meters now.
Haya Water has an asset base of OMR878 million in Muscat governorate.
As far as use of treated water is concerned, only 50 per cent of the water is used in the Sultanate now and it will be increased to 65 per cent in 2020. Haya Water has already started discussions with the Ministry of Agriculture to make better use of treated water for agricultural cultivation. This will help agricultural sector and thereby food security in the country.
The treated water of Haya Water doubled in the last five years, which helped the nation to save on the cost of producing desalinating water.
Also, Haya Water has allocated almost half a million rial for providing training to local employees. The Omanisation of Haya Water is around 62 per cent, which is against the mandatory requirement of 35 per cent.
The importance of Human Resources is highlighted as the main engine of any organisation. In line with this, the Company pays special attention to the Omanisation plans and programmes in accordance with the expansion of its business and projects, as well as to attract the best cadres and expertise, which will contribute to the advancement of the country.
Haya Water provides many services such as connecting houses and establishments in Muscat Governorate and other governorates to the wastewater service, the sale of treated wastewater, sale of organic fertilizer “Kala” and laboratory services.
The amount of water flowing to Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) in 2017 is estimated at more than 56 million cubic metres, with an increase of up to 86 per cent compared to 2012. It is also expected that the number of beneficiaries of the wastewater service will reach 771,000 residents by the end of 2017, more than half of the population of Muscat Governorate.
Thus, Haya Water provides wastewater services through yellow tankers and wastewater networks to more than 75,000 people in Muscat Governorate and around 250,000 in other governorates.
The Darsait sea outfall project was completed in November 2017 with a total length of 3.47km and the pipe’s diameter is 1.6 metres buried 43.6 meters deep below sea level.
The number of STPs in Muscat Governorate is 10 with a capacity of 189,874 cubic meters per day. These STPs are connected to wastewater networks with a length of 1,904km, while there is about 1,876km under implementation. The length of existing treated wastewater networks is about 319km, while there is about 44.46km that is still under construction.
Haya Water uses efficient pumps to ensure smooth flow of the wastewater to the STPs in the places where the Company faces difficulties in terms of gravity. The number of these pumping stations is 39 scattered all over the Willaiyats of Muscat. There are also 92,000 inspection rooms all over Muscat Governorate.
In order to enhance the In-Country Value of Haya Water products as one of the economic principles adopted by the Company in its operations, Haya launched the organic fertilizer plant known as ‘Kala’ in 2010 as one of the important production pillars supported by the sound awareness of its board of directors and executive management to protect the environment and preserve its natural resources towards a sustainable development.
The company is testing wastewater treatment using wetlands technology. This technique removes biological, chemical and physical contaminants from wastewater using reed roots to produce treated water.
It is also testing solar energy for the operation of STP. This study aims to design, install and maintain a solar power station at the Qurayat STP to be the first solar power experiment to generate the electricity needed to operate the STP.
National Energy Strategy to be aligned with Oman Vision 2040 blueprint
Oman Daily Observer, 13 December 2017
The Sultanate’s National Energy Strategy — which looks at a mixed portfolio of conventional, renewable and alternative fuel resources to meet the nation’s energy requirements over the long-term — will be aligned with the Oman Vision 2040 blueprint, according to a top official of the Supreme Council for Planning.
Talal al Rahbi (pictured), Deputy Secretary-General of the nation’s apex planning agency, called for the formulation of a “robust energy strategy” tailored to meet Oman’s burgeoning energy requirements over the next two decades.
Delivering the keynote address at the inauguration of a seminar on the theme, ‘Energy Transition in Oman’, Al Rahbi said the Sultanate is accelerating its efforts to develop its vision for the future — a future that is driven more by a diversified economy and less by hydrocarbon activities. The daylong seminar was organised by the Dutch Embassy in the Sultanate.
“A big concerted effort is being directed to the formulation of the National Energy Strategy for Oman extending to 2040, to be aligned with the Future Vision (Oman 2040),” the Deputy Secretary General said.
The Vision 2040 blueprint, currently under preparation, envisions — among other goals — a coherent energy strategy with the accent on the stronger adoption of renewables, combined with efforts to strengthen energy efficiency, said Al Rahbi. A landmark Future Foresight Forum convened by the Supreme Council for Planning last week sought to elicit expert views on the pathways for achieving Oman’s growth objectives extending to 2040.
As a starting point for the deliberations on the energy strategy for Oman, participants at the Future Foresight Forum took stock of the current trends of the global energy landscape and the likely trajectories into the future, said Al Rahbi. But despite the optimistic global projections that fossil fuel demand would still grow by around 40 per cent in 2040, the Sultanate cannot afford to remain “complacent”, he warned.
“In response to the pronounced volatility in the global oil market, and given the turmoil in the geopolitical situation in the Middle East region, Oman has forged a National Energy Strategy taking the long view extending up to 2040. The strategy starts from the mapping of the Global Energy Scene expected to prevail during this time,” Al Rahbi noted.
In this regard, Al Rahbi mooted the implementation of a robust energy policy based on the four major pillars: (i) Diversifying the economy by reducing the nation’s dependence on oil; (2) Intensifying hydrocarbon prospectivity activities especially in the gas sector (which has already yielded promising results, as exemplified by BP Khazzan’s and PDO’s Mabrouk’s discoveries); (3) investing in renewables with the objective to deliver up to 10 per cent of electricity supply by 2025; and (4) boosting energy efficiency.
He also lauded efforts toward enhancing energy efficiency and reforming electricity tariffs in the Sultanate. “Two importantly policy directive have been followed particularly in the last three years: (1) Achieving more efficient use of energy in the different sectors of the economy, particularly in government and households consumption, and (2) reforming the pricing system of energy consumption by removing inefficient subsidies which represented a burden on public service.”
While companies like PDO have taken the lead in delivering renewables, he said a significantly upscaling of initiatives in support of Oman’s energy transition would be necessary, albeit with the support of well-established international players like the Netherlands.
“We look forward to draw on the support of the Netherlands, with their great strength in these fields to identify future opportunities, especially for the private sector and SMEs, to benefit from such opportunities,” he added.
Two major projects to meet water demand and growth
Oman Daily Observer, 19 November 2017
MUSCAT, NOV 19 – Two major water desalination schemes with the potential to add around 500,000 cubic metres per day (100 million imperial gallons per day — MIGD) of new capacity are envisaged for implementation in Muscat and the North Al Batinah region respectively over the 2021-22 timeframe, according to the state-owned Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP), the sole procurer of new power and related water capacity under the sector law.
The projects underscore the strident pace of water demand growth in the governorates of Muscat and North and South Al Batinah, which together account for over 60 per cent of the total population of the Sultanate. Potable water demand in these rapidly urbanising regions of the Sultanate has been surging at an average rate of about 8 per cent annually, thus necessitating investments in new desalination capacity.
The first of these two proposed schemes is a new Independent Water Project (IWP) which will come up in Al Ghubrah as part of an existing power and water complex in the capital region. Capacity of the plant, dubbed ‘Al Ghubrah II IWP’, is envisioned at 300,000 cubic metres/day (66 MIGD), with commercial operation slated in the first quarter of 2021.
The second project, expected to be set up in the Suhar industrial port in North Al Batinah Governorate, will offer 200,000 cubic metres / day of desalination capacity (equivalent to 44 MIGD) based on reverse osmosis technology. The ‘Water 2022 IWP’, as it is labelled, is due for commercial launch in Q1 2022. Investments in new desalination capacity continue to grow apace in trend with burgeoning water demand. A pair of large water schemes, currently under construction in Barka and Suhar, are due to come into operation in 2018. Barka Desalination Company, which is building a 281,000 cubic metres/day capacity (61 MIGD) reverse osmosis plant – also known as ‘Barka IV IWP’ – is scheduled to bring it into commercial operation in Q2 2018. Likewise, ‘Sohar III IWP’, a 250,000 cubic metres/day (55 MIGD) plant being developed by Myah Gulf Desalination Company, is due for commercial launch in Q3 2018.
Elsewhere in the Sultanate, Qurayyat Desalination Company is preparing to bring its 200,000 cubic metres/day (44 MIGD) plant, located in Qurayyat in Muscat Governorate, into commercial operation before the end of this year.
Plans for a 60,000 cubic metres / day (13.2 MIGD) capacity greenfield IWP in Duqm are on hold pending a decision by the Public Authority for Electricity and Water (PAEW) on a possible role for the Centralised Utilities Company (Marafiq) — a partnership of Sembcorp of Singapore and Oman Oil Company — in the development of power and water desalination capacity to serve the needs of this industrial city and maritime hub.
Haya Water signs agreement with Tabreed Oman to provide treated water
Times of Oman, January 28, 2017
Muscat: Haya Water has signed an agreement with Tabreed Oman Company to sell treated wasterwater. As per the agreement, Haya Water will provide approximately 2,000 cubic metre of water per day for the ‘Palm Mall’ project in Al Mabella to be used for the cooling systems.
The agreement was signed by Eng. Hussain Hassan AbdulHussain, Chief Executive officer at Haya Water and Saleem Saeed Al Farsi, Chief Executive Officer at Tabreed Oman, according to a press release.
“We are extremely pleased with the development and commissioning of the Al Ghubrah IWP developed by MCDC. Guided by the vision of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said, Oman has made giant strides over the last four decades to bring people sustainable progress and prosperity, and water is an essential utility of fundamental importance. The successful operation of the plant will help meet the growing demand for water, which forms the bedrock of all the development and growth plans of the country,” said Yaqoob bin Saif Al Kiyumi, acting Chief Executive Officer of Oman Power and Water Procurement Company.
“MCDC is very proud to be a contributor to Oman, and in being able to deliver potable water to a vibrant city like Muscat. Our strategic location, in the heart of Muscat, enables us to deliver this life essential (product) faster to a young and modern metropolis. The plant has good availability and is providing largely uninterrupted water supply,” added Subrina Thiagarajah, CEO, MCDC.
The plant is operated by Muscat City Desalination Operations & Maintainence Company, owned by the shareholders of MCDC. With a majority of Omani operators, a team of 37 professionals ensures that the plant produces very high quality water according to global best practices and delivers on a 24/7 basis. A comprehensive maintainence programme guarantees the plant’s continuous availability.
MCDC practices high standards of social responsibility. “Water is crucial to sustaining life, supporting economic prosperity and growth, and contributing to a better quality of life, particularly in the face of the growing population of the Sultanate of Oman. MCDC endeavors to be socially accountable and responsible, in strict compliance with environmental issues,” Subrina added.
MCDC is owned by well-reputed and experienced shareholders that are global leaders with vast experience in the water industry: Malakoff International (Malaysia), Sumitomo Corporation (Japan) and Cadagua (Spain).
Malakoff, headquartered in Kuala Lumpur and listed on the Bursa Malaysia Stock Exchange with a market capitalisation of approximately $2 billion, is the leaders and largest IPP in Malaysia. Sumitomo Corporation is one of the leading general trading and investment firms in Japan, developing a multifaceted business on a global scale to respond to the diverse needs of customers. Cadagua with more than 45 years of experience in the water sector is well known in Spain and abroad as a pioneer and leading company in the field of engineering and construction of water, wastewater treatment and desalination plants.
Muscat City Desalination Plant Completes One Year
Times of Oman, May 2, 2017
Muscat: Muscat City Desalination Company’s (MCDC) plant has completed one year of production since starting operations on February 19, 2016, according to a press release.
The plant has a capacity of 42 million imperial gallons per day and its seawater reverse osmosis technology is a proven one, implemented globally on numerous projects.
MCDC is a player in Oman’s utility industry, contributing to the wellbeing f its residents by providing one of life’s most precious and vital ingredient – potable water. Oman’s daily water demand has been growing by some 2 per cent to 3 per cent per year, and has been notably increasing in the metropolitan area centered in Muscat. To meet the increasing demand, the government of Oman launched a competitive bidding process in 2012 for multiple independent water projects (IWPs). Following their successful bids, the shareholders incorporated MCDC to undertake the project.
Al Dhakhry also emphasized that Haya Water is making a steady progress in implementing wastewater treatment projects and producing water suitable for various purposes, such as for irrigation of landscapes and playgrounds, road construction works and cooling processes. The wastewater project’s ultimate aim is to protect the environment from pollution resulting from the overflow of conventional septic tanks. Such pollution has a negative impact on environment as well as public health.
Salem Saeed Al Farsi said the company intends to use treated wastewater instead of fresh water for the cooling process due to its low cost and help protect the environment.
“We hope that our cooperation with Haya Water will continue in the future through purchase of treated wasterwater for other projects that Tabreed Oman intends to implement,” added Al Farsi.
There are 11 sewage treatment plants (STPs) all over the Muscat Governorate with a total capacity of about 170,792 cubic metres per day. These STP’s are connected to wastewarer networks with a total length of about 1,874 kilometres (kms) and treated wastewater network of about 312 kilometres.
As for the assets in other governorates assigned to Haya Water by the Ministry of Regional Muncipalities and Water Resources, there are 57 STP’s with a total capacity of up to 52,425 cubic metres per day linked to wastewater networks of about 771 kms and treated wastewater distribution networks of up to 22 kms.
Hi-tech way to manage water resources
Oman Tribune, May 10, 2017
The Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Water Resources is currently preparing to implement the decision – support system project on water resources.
The project is in line with the implementation of the e-government approach and is as part of efforts to complete the electronic transformation project to provide efficient and high-quality e-services. It also intends to optimize the management of water resources using modern technologies.
The booklet of reference conditions is prepared and the project is presented as an international tender to engage consulting firms in this field.
The project is a series of databases and mathematical models designed to form information systems at the level of management. The system links data, complex analytical models and data analysis tools to support practical, economic and non-routine decision-making process.
Decision-support systems serve all levels in the ministry, from the directorates general of the governates to the senior management in making their decisions, which are not easy to identify.
The decision-support system aims to identify and assess the water resources of the Sultanate in the context of the impact of economic, social and environmental indicators on this important and vital resource. It also aims to provide alternatives and solutions for decision makers when examining the water situation or water projects that must be implemented under future economic, social or demographic options. In addition to the identification and assessment of the system’s sustainability indicators for the social, economic and environmental aspects of water, as well as the provision of a geographical database for the Sultanate.
The project will be implemented in three phases. The first phase is analysis and evaluation, which will include compilation and review of all available data related to water resources in or outside the ministry, especially the data related to the economic, social and demographic development of the Sultanate.
Also, the priorities and challenges facing the water sector will be identified. This phase is the basis for building the decision support system. The most important numerical model (mathematical) covered by the project is the ‘Water Resources Monitoring’. This phase includes all hydrological monitoring data including precipitation, wadi flows, water levels in alfalaj, wells and groundwater salinity. The system will be able to integrate all data to calculate averages, trends and statistics for all hydrological elements as well as display data in the form of graphs.
The second model is the ‘Assessment and Management of Water Resources’. It includes a number of water studies such as the study of updating the water balance of the Sultanate, the study of water demand and the economic, social and environmental aspects of water.
In addition to studying the current state of water resources and identifying the major sources of water resources including dams, aflaj, springs, monitoring stations and major water resources.
The third model ‘Environmental Assessment’ identifies environmental challenges, proposes appropriate measures and identifies priorities for addressing risks that may pose a threat to the ecosystem in particular sea water intrusion in coastal reservoirs.
Moreover, the ‘Economic Assessment’ model, which is based on the collected data and the results of previous studies.
Through a broad review of scientific references and economic programmes, the general features of the economic conditions in the water sector in the Sultanate will be determined through a study of internationally recommended indicators such as those developed by the United Nations (Water Development in the World).
The ‘Social Assessment’ model aims to conduct social studies in the following areas: water use in different sectors, study of the current capacity building programme, public awareness, dissemination of information, and assessment of water demand in urban and rural areas. Therefore, the criteria and indicators for environmental impacts will be determined for the current state or future water projects.
The sixth model ‘Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis’ includes various proposals for new and effective techniques or tools to increase the efficiency and accuracy of decision makers as well as accelerate their response in facing the real problems.
However, the second phase includes the ‘Design of Decision Support System’ according to the requirements of the ministry and the needs and problems identified in the first phase of the project. The system will be built to obtain multiple data, for example, short and long term water demand through pumping from the groundwater reservoir taking into account the sustainability of the underground reservoir.
The quality of groundwater will also be taken into consideration through the study of the problem of sea water intrusion, as well as the relationship between the hydroplocal system of the northern and southern mountains of the Sultanate and groundwater recharge rates, and the design of systainable reservoir management options. All these studies are conducted through a mathematical modelling, water balance studies and simulation of sea water intrusion.
During the system design, water supply for desalination plants and reuse of treated wastewater as well as groundwater recharge projects will be considered.
The third phase ‘Operation and Training’ covers the operation, maintainence, training and integration of all data and models within the decision support system database. The system user interface will also be designed as a communication tool between the user and the system.
In addition to the practical testing of the system, it includes response to the needs of the ministry and validation of data, along with providing technical support through training and presentations.
Oman government to award $2.8bn wastewater project
Construction Week Online, July 26, 2017
The Government of Oman is on course to award a contract for the development of a $2.84 billion wastewater project in Oman.
The project is being developed by Oman Wastewater Services Company (Haya Water) whose original remit as the water reuse utility of Muscat governorate has been expanded to cover wastewater collection and treatment, as well as treated effluent distribution across the Sultanate, with the exception of Dhofar governorate.
A report said that several leading local and international consultancy firms are in the race for the big wastewater project.
The selected consultant will be required to develop a detailed master plan, complete with a capital investment programme, covering a 25 year horizon according to Trade Arabia.
In addition, the consultant will review reports and strategies of various ministries, notably the Ministry of Tourism, Public Authority for Electricity and Water (PAEW) and the Supreme Council for Planning.
RO. 32 million projects to meet water demand
Oman Daily Observer, August 22, 2017
The Barka plant, which will be ready by mid-2018, will produce 281,000 cubic metres of water a day and cater to areas in Al Dakhiliyah and Seeb.
The third plant in Suhar will produce 250,000 cubic metres of water a day and serve North and South Al Batinah, Al Buraimi, and the Al Dhahirah governorates (in future).
The three desalination plants are owned by private investors and the PAEW will be purchasing water from them for both residential and commercial needs. “Now we have the capacity to distribute potable water better than ever before. In the past, we used to have pipeline bursts and water shortages. These incidents will be a story of the past.”
As against the old 600 mm pipelines, PAEW has started using 1,000 mm and 1,600 mm pipelines to cater to the needs of the capital. Also, the storage capacity has been increased to meet the emergency needs. Emergency reservoirs can store and supply water for 48 hours and are located in Qurum, Wattayah and Wadi Kabir.
After a visit to key water network monitoring division at Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) in Bausher and other pumping stations, Abdullah said “top quality systems” were in place to deliver the best services.
“We constantly monitor the quality of water distributed in Muscat governorate on a five-point parameter, including alkalinity, TDS conductivity, fluoride, PH and chlorine. We also follow an Omani standard of water quality being monitoring 24x7 at SCADA.”
SCADA is a computer system for gathering and analyzing real-time data.
“At PAEW, we have three transmission lines: old 600mm and 1,000 mm lines and the new 1,600mm lines. Linking all these three water supply networks will help feed water from Al Ghubra Feeding Station towards Muscat main reservoir and other reservoirs in Qurum, Wattayah, Amerat, Ruwi, Wadi Kabir, Al Bustan, Bausher and Qantab.”
Haya Water takes over wastewater assets in Sohar
Oman Tribune, August 23, 2017
Haya Water Company has taken over the wastewater assets in the Wilayat of Sohar.
The continuous urbanization and rapid growth in population in all governorates and the firm’s vital role in protecting groundwater from pollution and preserving the environment has led to this step.
This is also as per the Council of Ministers’ decision, which states that Haya Water shall manage, operate and maintain all wastewater facilities in the governorates except Dhofar and also to supervise the implementation of all wastewater projects.
CEO of Haya Water Eng. Hussain Bin Hassan AbdulHussain said Haya Water, after receiving the management of the wastewater assets in Sohar from Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Water Resources (MRMWR), started to develop plans and proposals for the development of wastewater assets and increase the capacity of the STP.
The current STP can accommodate 10,000 cubic meters per day. Moreover, there is a wastewater network with total length of 150km and 20 lifting and pumping stations.
There is a Treated Effluent (TE) network, which is used to irrigation and afforestation. The wastewater service is currently provided to more than 2,000 residential, commercial, and governmental properties in Sohar.
Hussain elaborated on the wastewater future plans in Sohar. He said that the company is currently working to increase the capacity of the STP to 15,000 cubic meters/day in order to provide wastewater services for more residential and commercial units and existing government facilities and expand the wastewater network to cover new areas in Sohar and cope with the demographic changes witnessed by the Wilayat.
Haya Water, since the reception of wastewater projects in the regional governorates from MRMWR, has developed successful plans to increase the capacity of the STP, make improvements to existing stations and activate some of the stations that were shut down.
The company has also repaired many issues related to wastewater networks or TE networks. Moreover, more public and private units and facilities have been connected to the network.
The number of houses connected to the wastewater network has increased from 15,000 in 2015 to 24,945 at the end of June 2017.
Water quality in Oman among world’s best, says UN report
Times of Oman, October 22, 2017
Muscat: Residents in Oman have access to some of the best clean drinking water, according to a new report issued by the United Nations (U.N).
According to the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) report entitled, “Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: 2017 Update and Sustainable Development Goal Baselines,” jointly released by UNICEF (United Nations Childrens’s Fund) and WHO (World Health Organization), 97 per cent of water in Oman is free from contamination and all residents have access to water.
While 91 per cent of them have instant access to water piped only, only 9 per cent have to wait for water to come in tankers. Water conservation and health experts say this is an excellent showing on the part of the government and that this number will improve in the future.
“The percentage being stated is very high so it is good that Oman is doing a lot to facilitate the access of water to its residents and to make sure that the quality of water is corresponding to the international standards,” said Dr. Jauad Al Kharraz, head of research at the Middle East Desalination Research Centre (MEDRC).
“The Public Authority of Electricity and Water and the Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Water Resources, as well as the Oman Power and Water Procurement Company deserve special mention here because they have helped supply water to all of the country’s people.”
“There are many methods of purification of water, epending on the stations that we have, but there must be quality control mechanisms to check the output and see if it conforms to Oman’s and international standards,” he added.
“It is quite clear that Oman’s practices are being followed well and that there is a good monitoring system, but it is also important to keep up this level of monitoring.”
El Kharraz also praised the high quality of purification in Oman.
“Purification is done through boiling, micro-filtration, reverse osmosis, and desalination, distillation, chlorination, and by many levels of wastewater treatment, but this also depends on the use of the water, whether it is used to irrigate green spaces, or for drinking, or for example, so depending on the use, we use the appropriate technology, and we also need to take into account the cost, because if it is enough to use secondary treatment of wastewater, we don’t need to use higher levels that cost more,” he explained.
“Regarding drinking water for people, we must do the best treatment possible so that we can avoid all the disease-causing bacteria and viruses, so the more advanced the treatment, the better the quality is for the citizens,” he added. “I think in Oman, almost all houses are connected to the water distribution network, so the small percentage that don’t have ready access to water could benefit from simply extending this network, because in the long term, this is more economical than using tankers.”
Clean water is one of the foundations of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, which also includes ready access to energy and sanitation.
This indicator is calculated worldwide, with the U.N having introduced the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which includes access to water, energy and sanitation.
Dr. A. Basheer, a doctor of internal medicine at Badr Al Sama’a Hospitals, says that clean water was paramount for a healthy society.
“For preventive measures against waterborne diseases such as typhoid and cholera, the most important step is to have access to clean drinking water,” he said. “There are two primary ways to ensure that water is clean: the government here is ensuring that the water being supplied is suitably purified and in Oman, there is a very strict control with regards to the quality of the water which comes in pipes, do we don’t need to boil it if we’re going to drink it, but otherwise, we need to boil tap water before using it.”
“Safe water, sanitation and hygiene at home should not be a privilege for only those who are rich or live in urban centres,” said Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO’s director general. “These are some of the most basic requirements for human health, and all countries have a responsibility to ensure that everyone can access them.”
“Safe water, effective sanitation and hygiene are critical to the health of every child and every community, and thus are essential to building stronger, healthier and more equitable societies,” added UNICEF executive director, Anthony Lake.